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F. abrupta

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : spreading at anthesis and 10-15mm long, divergent and ascending in fruit, when 15-35mm long, light red
  • Ovary : cylindric, 7-9mm long x circa 2mm wide, lustrous light red, floral tube usually somewhat deflexed so that the distal portion of the flower is pendant
  • Tube color : nitid, bright orange red
  • Tube shape : narrowly funnelform, glabrous outside, densely pilose inside in basal part
  • Tube dimensions : 35-50 (to 60)mm long x 2.5-3.5mm wide and bulbous at the base, constricted-ca. 2mm wide for the basal 5-8mm of the tube, gradually widened above until 6-10mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : nitid, bright orange red
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : lanceolate, cuspidate and tetragonous in transection in bud, conspicuously wider than the rim of the tube
  • Sepal tips : mostly long acuminate, divergent at anthesis
  • Sepal dimensions : 13-20mm long x 4-7mm wide
  • Corolla opening color : orange red
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : delicate, oblong, round to acute at the apex, spreading to divergent at anthesis with the apical portion recurved and the margins undulate
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 13-19mm long x 5-7mm wide
  • Nectary : green, shallowly four-lobed, 2-5-3mm high and circa 0.7mm thick
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : orange red, 8-10mm x 6-7mm long
  • Anthers : oblong, 2.5-3mm long x circa 1.5mm wide, white
  • Pistil :
  • Style : pale red, glabrous
  • Stigma : capitate, 2-3mm long x 2-3mm wide, four-cleft apically, pale red

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower : single
  • Flowers : the few to numerous flowers are usually verticillately disposed in terminal arching racemes and have a narrowly funnelform tube 35 to 50 (to 60) mm long, which is bulbous at the base, rachis (8 to) 10 to 35 cm long, elongating in fruit, bracts lanceolate, divergent, 15 to 45 mm long
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : cylindrical-ellipsoid, 18-22mm long x 10mm wide, purplish when ripe
  • Seed : tan, 1.1-1.4mm long x 0.8-1.0mm wide
  • Habit : scandent to erect shrub
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 1-3 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks :
  • Named : abrupt, suddenly, broken off’
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1925
  • Botanist : Johnston I.M.
  • Authors : I.M. Johnston, 1925
  • Original publication : Contr. Gray Herb. 75: 37 1925
  • Habitat : scattered in cloud forest thickets on the eastern slopes of the Andes from Libertad to Junín Departments
  • Elevation : 1500-2700
  • Native country : Peru
  • Synonyms : F. aspiazui, J. F. Macbride 1941
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 11

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : leaves opposite or ternate, firmly membranous, especially along the veins, petioles strigose, 4 to 10 mm long, stipules conspicuous, dark, (narrowly) triangular, sharply acute-tipped, 3 to 6 mm long, 2 to 3 mm wide, often connate, persistent
  • Foliage color upper side : subnitid dark green and sparsely strigose to subglabrous
  • Foliage color lower side : pale and strigose to densely villous or hispid
  • Leaf dimensions : 7-14(-19)cm long x 3-6(-10)cm wide
  • Leaf shape : narrowly to broadly elliptic or (ob)ovate
  • Leaf margin : subentire to obscurely denticulate
  • Leaf tip : acute to acuminate
  • Leaf base : acute
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins 15 to 22 on either side of the midvein, strongly impressed above, anastomosing into a distinct submarginal vein
  • Stems :
  • Branches : semi-succulent young branches and light-tan older stems with finely fissured bark