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  • F. alpestris
  • F. alpestris
  • F. alpestris

F. alpestris

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : pendulous, 25-40mm long
  • Ovary : subquadrangular, pilose, 6-8mm long x 2-3.5mm wide
  • Tube color : red to dull pink
  • Tube shape : cylindrical-fusiform, pubescent outside, pilose inside
  • Tube dimensions : (5 to) 6-8 (to 10)mm long x 3-4mm wide
  • Sepal color upper : red to dull pink
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : pilose outside
  • Sepal tips : spreading at anthesis
  • Sepal dimensions : 18-26 (to 28)mm long x 3.5-4.5mm wide at base, connate for 4-6mm at the base
  • Corolla opening color : violet
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : broadly obovate
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 10-14mm long x 8-9mm wide
  • Nectary : 4 to 6 mm high, 1 mm thick, irregularly ridged
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : red, 26-35mm x 24-32mm long,
  • Anthers : red, oblong, 2.5-3.5mm long x 1.2-1.6mm wide,
  • Pistil :
  • Style : red, pilose in basal third,
  • Stigma : red, clavate, 2.5-3.5mm long x 1.1-1.6mm wide

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower : single
  • Flowers : few and solitary in upper leaf axils
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : oblong-ellipsoid, 14-16mm long x 8-10mm wide, purple when ripe
  • Seed : oblong, 1.8-2.2mm long x 1-1.5mm wide
  • Habit : scandent shrubs, branches generally long and hanging, up to five meters long
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 1-5 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks : flowering is mainly from November to March
  • Named : from the Alps, growing in the Alps or in the alpine zone of other mountains’
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1843
  • Botanist : Gardner
  • Authors : Gardner 1842. (Gardner) Munz 1943. Berry 1989
  • Original publication : Bot. Mag. 69: t. 3999 1843
  • Habitat : in thickets and low forest near granitic outcrops of several morros in north-central Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil and also near Nova Friburgo, Santa Maria Madalena, as well as in the Serra dos Órgãos between Teresópolis and Petrópolis
  • Elevation : 100-1600
  • Native country : Brazil
  • Synonyms : F. mollis, Krause 1906, F. regia var. alpestris
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 22 or 44

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : opposite, occasionally ternate, membranous, sometimes purple-flushed when young, often yellowing before dehiscing, petioles densely pubescent, 3-6 mm long, stout and 2 to 4 mm thick on older leaves, canaliculate above, stipules narrowly triangular, 1 to 2 mm long, 0.8 to 1.5 mm wide, adjacent ones sometimes fused, generally covered by hairs
  • Foliage color upper side : moderately pilose
  • Foliage color lower side : densely pilose
  • Leaf dimensions : (55-) 60-140mm long x 20-70mm wide
  • Leaf shape : oblong, broadly ovate or narrowly elliptic-ovate
  • Leaf margin : entire to subdenticulate
  • Leaf tip : acute to acuminate
  • Leaf base : rounded to subcordate or subauriculate
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins 5 to 9 (to 10) per side
  • Stems :
  • Branches : branchlets reddish tan, densely pilose with erect, whitish hairs about 1 mm long