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F. canescens

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : stout, subtuberculate, pendant, hirtellous-canescent, 5-13mm long, dull green
  • Ovary : cylindrical, subtuberculate, 10-11mm long x 3-4mm wide, hirtellous, light green
  • Tube color : dull scarlet or orange red
  • Tube shape : narrowly funnelform, firmly thick-spongy, 1-2 mm thick when fresh, hirtellous and finely striated-tuberculate outside, densely villous inside in the lower half
  • Tube dimensions : 34-50mm long x 3.5-5.5mm wide and slightly bulbous at the base, narrowed-3-4.5mm wide above the nectary, then gradually widened above until 5-9mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : dull scarlet or orange red becoming dull white or greenish toward the tip
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : similarly thick-tuberculate, triangular, buds tetragonous in transection, 1 to 2 mm wider at the base than the rim of the tube and with small protuberances at the base of adjacent sepals
  • Sepal tips : spreading to divergent at anthesis, obtuse or shortly pointed
  • Sepal dimensions : 14-18mm long x 6-9mm wide
  • Corolla opening color : dark red
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : subtrullate, margin slightly undulate, spreading to slightly recurved at anthesis
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 14-19mm long x 4-7mm wide
  • Nectary : light green, irregularly quadri-lobed, 1.5-2mm high, about 1mm thick, often with a few erect, stiff hairs on the top
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : red, 9-12mm x 5-8mm long
  • Anthers : oblong, 3-4.5mm long x 1.5-2mm wide
  • Pistil :
  • Style : orange red, glabrous
  • Stigma : capitate, four-parted at the apex, 2.5-3mm long x about 2mm wide, red-light pink, exserted 4-9mm beyond the anthers

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower :
  • Flowers : few to many in upper, leafy nodes or in terminal to subterminal, leafy racemes, rachis 2 to 10 cm long
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : ellipsoid, 12-15mm long x 8-10mm wide, subtuberculate, green to flushed purple
  • Seed : 1.5mm long x 0.6-0.8mm wide
  • Habit : shrub with reddish young branches, ridged with the same number of ridges as leaves in the whorl
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 1.5-4 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks :
  • Named : becoming grey, greyish’
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1845
  • Botanist : Bentham
  • Authors : Bentham 1845
  • Original publication : Pl. Hartw. 179 1845
  • Habitat : infrequent in wet subpáramo or upper cloud forest in Cauca, Huila, and Nariño Provinces
  • Elevation : 2800-3350
  • Native country : Colombia
  • Synonyms :
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 11

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : three to five-verticillate, mostly quaternate, firmly membranous, petioles stout, 15 to 25 mm long, hirtellous, dull purple, stipules 0.8 to 1 mm thick when fresh, lingulate to subterete in transection, subulate at the tip, 1.5 to 2 mm long, about 0.8 mm wide, divergent, occasionally connate, hirtellous, subpersistent
  • Foliage color upper side : medium to dark green and strigillose
  • Foliage color lower side : hirtellous to densely strigillose and paler green, with the midvein prominent and reddish
  • Leaf dimensions : 4.5-10cm long x 2-5cm wide
  • Leaf shape : (narrowly) elliptic to (ob-)ovate
  • Leaf margin : subentire to denticulate
  • Leaf tip : acute to rounded
  • Leaf base : acute to rounded
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins 8 to 15 on either side of the midvein
  • Stems :
  • Branches : canescent to hirtellous, reddish, 38 mm thick, and tan older branches with exfoliating bark