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F. caucana

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : pendant, 12-28mm long
  • Ovary : ovoid-ellipsoid, glabrous-puberulent or strigose, 5-6mm long x 2.5-3mm wide
  • Tube color : pink cerise to (light) purple lavender, young buds sometimes whitish green
  • Tube shape : narrowly funnelform, occasionally dilated in the middle and constricted again near the rim, glabrous to strigose or puberulent outside, pilose inside for most or the entire length
  • Tube dimensions : 32-45 (to 54)mm long x 2-4mm wide and slightly bulbous at the base, usually narrowed-1.5-3mm in lower ~, then widened-4-11mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : pink cerise to (light) purple lavender, young buds sometimes whitish green
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : lanceolate
  • Sepal tips : (sub-)acuminate at the apex, with a short point 1 to 2 mm long in bud, spreading at anthesis
  • Sepal dimensions : (12 to)14-17 (to 22)mm long x 5-6mm wide
  • Corolla opening color : usually considerably darker than the sepals, (dark) red-purple
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : elliptic-ovate, obtuse to cuneate or sometimes mucronate at the apex, suberect at anthesis
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 9-11 (to 14)mm long x 5-6 (to 9)mm wide
  • Nectary : unlobed, about 2mm high
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : pink, 8-10mm x 5-7mm long
  • Anthers : oblong, 3-4mm long x 2-3mm wide, yellow cream
  • Pistil :
  • Style : densely pilose from base-near the rim, red pink
  • Stigma : broadly capitate, tetragonous, slightly four-cleft apically, 2-3mm long x 3-4mm wide, pink, exserted 7-16mm beyond the anthers

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower :
  • Flowers : few in upper leaf axils
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : four-sulcate before maturity, glabrous to strigose or puberulent, subglobose at maturity, 11-13mm long x 7-9mm wide, lustrous red purple
  • Seed : reddish brown to bright red, 2-2.5 mm long x 1.1-1.8mm wide
  • Habit : usually few-branched shrubs
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 0.3-2 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks :
  • Named : from Cauca
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1982
  • Botanist : Berry P.E.
  • Authors : Berry 1982
  • Original publication : Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 69: 118 1982
  • Habitat : in open thickets in high elevation elfin cloud forest, the eastern slopes of the Cordillera Central in Cauca, Huila, Nariño, and Putumayo Provinces, and in the Cordillera Occidental in the Farallones de Cali, Valle
  • Elevation : 2700-3600
  • Native country : Colombia
  • Synonyms :
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 11

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : mostly ternate, occasionally opposite or quaternate, firmly membranous, petioles glabrous to strigose, usually red purple, 2 to 13 (to 14) mm long, stipules narrowly lanceolate to linear, 3 to 4 mm long, 0.5 to 1 mm wide, subpersistent
  • Foliage color upper side : dark velvety green and subglabrous to sparsely strigose
  • Foliage color lower side : pale whitish green to deep flushed purple and strigose
  • Leaf dimensions : (2.5-) 3.5-7(-10)cm long x (1-) 1.5-3.2(-4)cm wide
  • Leaf shape : (narrowly) elliptic to lance-ovate
  • Leaf margin : serrulate with conspicuous glandular teeth, rarely subentire
  • Leaf tip : mostly acuminate
  • Leaf base : acute to rounded
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins (3 to) 5 to 6 (to 7) on either side of the midvein, subparallel and ascending towards the tip at about 45° to the midvein
  • Stems :
  • Branches : branchlets terete, 2 to 5 mm thick, subglabrous to strigose or puberulent, white green to red purple, older stems with subnitid, purple brown bark