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F. cyrtandroides

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : stout, 5-20mm long, pendulous in flower, divergent-erect in fruit, with the upper 5mm enlarged and dark purple
  • Ovary : cylindrical-fusiform, 6-8.5mm long x 3-4.5mm wide, green, ovules 500-600, four- or five-seriate in each locule,
  • Tube color : green with dark purple streaks in bud and at anthesis, changing abruptly to dark crimson-purple before dehiscing
  • Tube shape : cylindrical to slightly fusiform, slightly tetragonous
  • Tube dimensions : 6-14mm long x 5-9mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : green with dark purple streaks in bud and at anthesis, changing abruptly to dark crimson-purple before dehiscing
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : lanceolate, spreading to recurved
  • Sepal tips :
  • Sepal dimensions : 7-19mm long x 3.5-7mm wide at the base
  • Corolla opening color : red
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : petals oblanceolate to elliptic, erect, lavender to light purple, turning darker with age
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 4-11mm long x 1-4mm wide
  • Nectary : poorly defined, 3-5mm high
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : 0.8-1mm thick, 6-18mm x 5-12mm long, purple
  • Anthers : suborbicular, attached apically with a thick connective, 1.3-1.8mm long x 1.5-2.5mm wide, purplish, with reniform thecae,
  • Pistil :
  • Style : stout, 1-1.5 mm thick, 14-30 mm long, faint cream-colored-purple
  • Stigma : clavate-capitate, 1.5-3mm long x 1.5-3mm wide, faintly four-cleft at apex, light green

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower : single
  • Flowers : hermaphroditic, flowers axillary on young, leafy shoots or grouped on short, leafless side shoots off the main branches
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : oblong-fusiform or ellipsoid, 9-16mm long x 5-10mm wide, purple-black and juicy when ripe
  • Seed : oblong-triangular, 0.9-1.2mm long x 0.4-0.7mm thick, light brown
  • Habit : small tree, with numerous ascending branches, trunk with tan-copper, slightly fissured bark, 5 to 30 cm in diameter
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 2-7 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks : flowers mostly in the dry season, from July to October, but occasionally and less intensively in other months throughout the year
  • Named :
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1940
  • Botanist : Moore J.W.
  • Authors : Moore 1940
  • Original publication : Occas. Pap. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Mus. 16: 13 1940
  • Habitat : endemic to several of the highest peaks on the western (drier) side of the island of Tahiti
  • Elevation : 1150-2000
  • Native country : Tahiti
  • Synonyms :
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 11

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : mostly opposite, occasionally ternate, less commonly alternate or subopposite, subcoriaceous to firm fleshy, petioles stout, 1.5 to 3 mm thick when fresh, 5 to 25 (to 35) mm long, stipules triangular, dark purple, 0.5 to 0.8 mm long, 0.4 to 0.75 mm wide and crassate at the base, caducous
  • Foliage color upper side : green
  • Foliage color lower side : whitish and sometimes purple-flushed
  • Leaf dimensions : (2-) 4-12cm long x (1.5-) 2-6cm wide
  • Leaf shape : (broadly) elliptic or obovate
  • Leaf margin : subentire with small, reddish, glandular teeth, midvein raised below
  • Leaf tip : rounded or obtuse
  • Leaf base : rounded to acute
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins (7 to) 8 to 12 on each side
  • Stems :
  • Branches : ranchlets subglabrous, 4 to 6 mm thick, usually quadrangular