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  • F. decussata
  • F. decussata

F. decussata

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : slender, strigose, at times slightly verrucose, arching-pendant, 15-25mm long
  • Ovary : oblong, 2-3mm long x 1-1.5mm wide
  • Tube color : red to dark red
  • Tube shape : subcylindric, subglabrous to strigillose and occasionally verrucose outside, densely villous inside in lower parts
  • Tube dimensions : 10-20 (to 23)mm long x 3-4mm wide at the base, usually slightly narrowed-2.5-3mm wide above the nectary and slightly widened above-4-6mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : red with dull green tips in bud
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : narrowly lanceolate, not much wider than the tube in bud
  • Sepal tips : narrowly acute at the apex, spreading at anthesis
  • Sepal dimensions : 8-10 (to 18)mm long x 2-3 (to 4)mm wide
  • Corolla opening color : scarlet to orange red
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : linear to broadly elliptic-ovate and often variable on the same plant, apex acute
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 5-9 (to 14)mm long x 1.5-4 (to 8)mm wide
  • Nectary : unlobed-obscurely 4-lobed, 1-1.5mm high
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : red, 8-10mm x 5-8mm long
  • Anthers : oblong, 2-2.3mm long x 1.2-1.5mm wide, dull white
  • Pistil :
  • Style : glabrous, red
  • Stigma : clavate-capitate, about 2mm long and 1-2mm wide, obscurely 4-cleft, white, exserted 4-8mm beyond the anthers

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower : single
  • Flowers : axillary and few to numerous towards the tips of branches
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : subglobose, subtetragonous before maturity, 8-9mm long x 5-6mm thick, red
  • Seed : tan, 1.5-1.6mm long x 0.8-1.0mm wide
  • Habit : suberect to scandent shrubs with a well-developed system of lateral, divaricate, often horizontal branches. Secondary and tertiary branches numerous, 2 to 4 per node and held at near 90° to stem, densely ferrugineous-tomentose to canescent
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 1-3 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks :
  • Named :
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1802
  • Botanist : Ruiz & Pavon
  • Authors : Ruiz & Pavon 1802
  • Original publication : Fl. Peruv. 3: 88 1802
  • Habitat : a scattered to locally frequent shrub in thickets from tree line to mid-elevation cloud forest, from San Martín to Cuzco Departments
  • Elevation : 2900-3400
  • Native country : Peru
  • Synonyms : F. fusca, Krause 1906, F. scandens, Krause 1905
  • Gametic chromosome number n =

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : opposite or mostly ternate, firmly membranous, petiole 3 to 10 (to 14) mm long, canescent to tomentose, stipules filiform, 2 to 3 mm long, about 0.3 mm wide, mostly deciduous
  • Foliage color upper side : dark green and subglabrous to strigillose with impressed veins
  • Foliage color lower side : paler green below with strigose, usually reddish hairs along the veins
  • Leaf dimensions : 15-35(-45)mm long x 7-15mm wide
  • Leaf shape : lanceolate to elliptic-obovate
  • Leaf margin : subentire to serrulate or denticulate
  • Leaf tip : acute
  • Leaf base : acute to attenuate
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins 4 to 6 on either side of the midvein, subelevated below, higher order veins not visible without magnification
  • Stems :
  • Branches : older stems 5 to 14 mm thick with sublustrous, copper red bark exfoliating in long, uneven strips