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F. fontinalis

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : slender, pendant, pubescent, 6-16 (to 25)mm long
  • Ovary :
  • Tube color : nitid red or pink
  • Tube shape : subcylindric to narrowly funnelform, pilose to strigillose outside, glabrous inside
  • Tube dimensions : 15-28mm long x 3-4mm wide and somewhat bulbous at the base, then constricted-about 2mm wide above the nectary and widened gradually above until 4-6mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : nitid red or pink
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : lanceolate
  • Sepal tips : acuminate, spreading-divergent at anthesis
  • Sepal dimensions : 10-13mm long x about 3mm wide
  • Corolla opening color : red
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : usually noticeably shorter than the sepals, lanceolate, acute, spreading at anthesis
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 6-9mm long x 2-3mm wide
  • Nectary : 4-8-lobed, about 1.5mm high
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : pink-red, 9-14mm x 6-10mm long
  • Anthers : oblong, 2-2.5mm long x 1-1.5mm wide, dull white
  • Pistil :
  • Style : light red, glabrous
  • Stigma : capitate, slightly 4-lobed, 1.5-2mm long and wide, exserted 2-4mm beyond the anthers

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower :
  • Flowers : numerous and generally densely grouped in upper leaf axils or in racemes or many branched terminal panicles, rachis 3 to 14 cm long with reduced leaves 15 to 25 mm long subtending the flowers
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : subglobose, 9-10mm long x 5-9mm wide, red
  • Seed : tan, 1-1.2mm long x 0.7mm wide
  • Habit : erect to scandent shrubs with spreading branches. Young growth canescent to densely pilose, often becoming ferrugineous with age
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 0.5-4 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks :
  • Named :
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1940
  • Botanist : Macbride J.F.
  • Authors : Macbride 1940
  • Original publication : Candollea 8: 25 1940
  • Habitat : in thickets, banks, and stream sides, and in Amazonas Department in upper cloud forest on the east side of the Jalca de Calla-Calla and in the mountains to the east of the Rio Utcubamba
  • Elevation : 2900-3400
  • Native country : northern Peru
  • Synonyms :
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 11

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : whorled, mostly ternate or quaternate, occasionally opposite, membranous, strigillose above and along the veins below, basal leaves noticeably larger than the upper ones, petioles pubescent, 5 to 21 mm long, mostly reddish, stipules filiform, 2 to 3 mm long, about 0.4 mm wide, deciduous to semipersistent.
  • Foliage color upper side :
  • Foliage color lower side :
  • Leaf dimensions : 35-110mm long x 10-35mm wide
  • Leaf shape : elliptic to (ob to) lanceolate
  • Leaf margin : conspicuously denticulate or serrate
  • Leaf tip : acute
  • Leaf base : acute to attenuate
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : undersurface visibly reticulate-veined, secondary veins 8 to 14 on either side of the midvein
  • Stems :
  • Branches : branchlets pilulose to tomentose, older branches 5 to 12 mm thick with tan, finely fissured bark