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F. macropetala

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : subglabrous, 9-26mm long, reddish
  • Ovary : ellipsoid, 6-8mm long x about 3mm wide, light green, finely strigillose and more-or-less verrucose
  • Tube color : bright red
  • Tube shape : subcylindric, finely strigillose outside, pilose inside in Iower part
  • Tube dimensions : 32-45mm long x 2.5-3mm wide at the base, slightly constricted-about 2mm wide above the nectary and gradually widened above until 5-7mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : bright red
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : lanceolate
  • Sepal tips : spreading at anthesis
  • Sepal dimensions : 10-13mm long x 3-5mm wide
  • Corolla opening color : red
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : elliptic-oblong
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 10-12mm long x 4-6mm wide
  • Nectary : mostly unlobed, 1-1.5mm high
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : red, 7-10mm x 5-8mm long
  • Anthers : oblong, about 2mm long x about 1mm wide
  • Pistil :
  • Style : pubescent for most its length, red
  • Stigma : capitate, about 2mm long x 2-4mm wide, slightly 4-cleft apically, dull white-pink, exserted 4-10mm beyond the anthers

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower :
  • Flowers : few to many in lateral racemes or on short side branchlets 1 to 6 (to 10) cm long
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : ellipsoid, dull dark purple, 15-18mm long x 7-10mm wide
  • Seed : dark purple, 1.5-2mm long x 0.9-1.2mm wide
  • Habit : erect to scandent shrubs
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 1.5 – 3 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks : found in 1790 in central Peru by Thaddeus Haenke, flowers are up to 6 cm long
  • Named : because petals are larger than the sepals
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1831
  • Botanist : Presl Carl
  • Authors : Presl 1831
  • Original publication : Reliq. Haenk. 2: 28 1831
  • Habitat : known only from the Cordillera Azul, which is a semi-isolated Andean spur to the east of the main Andean cordilleras of Peru and which runs along the Huánuco-Loreto border before joining the main cordillera in southern Huánuco In clearings and roadsides
  • Elevation : 1600-1800
  • Native country : Peru
  • Synonyms :
  • Gametic chromosome number n =

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : opposite, firmly membranous, petiole subglabrous, 6 to 16 mm long, stipules lanceolate to triangular, sometimes connate, 1 to 2 mm long, about 0.7 mm wide, mostly deciduous
  • Foliage color upper side : subglabrous to strigillose
  • Foliage color lower side : subglabrous to strigillose, sometimes purple flushed
  • Leaf dimensions : (7-) 9-18cm long x (3-) 4-8cm wide
  • Leaf shape : elliptic
  • Leaf margin : subentire
  • Leaf tip : acute to shortly acuminate
  • Leaf base : acute
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins 13 to 18 on either side of the midvein, often reddish, prominent below and anastomosing into a submarginal vein
  • Stems :
  • Branches : young growth minutely puberulent, older branches glabrescent, with finely-splitting, tan brown bark