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F. macrophylla

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : slender, spreading, 10-26 (to 32)mm long, reddish
  • Ovary : ellipsoid, 4-5mm long x about 2mm wide
  • Tube color : red
  • Tube shape : narrowly funnelform, puberulent to subglabrous outside, pilose inside for most of length
  • Tube dimensions : 19-25mm long x about. 2mm wide and slightly nodose at the base, gradually widened above until 4-6mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : red, tips green
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : lance-oblong, short-pointed in bud
  • Sepal tips : acute
  • Sepal dimensions : 8-9mm long x 3-4mm wide
  • Corolla opening color : red
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : elliptic to lanceolate, acute
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 7-10mm long x 3-4mm wide
  • Nectary : unlobed, about 1mm high
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : red, 4-7mm x 3-4mm long
  • Anthers : oblong, 1.4-1.6mm long x about 0.8mm wide, dull white
  • Pistil :
  • Style : pubescent for most of length, red
  • Stigma : capitate, about 2mm long x 2mm wide, shallowly four-lobed, cream-pink, exserted 1-2mm beyond anthers

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower :
  • Flowers : few to numerous in short lateral racemes or on short sidebranchlets, rachis 2 to 10 (to 12) cm long
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : subglobose to ellipsoid, 10-13mm long x 8-9mm wide, nitid dark purple
  • Seed : tan, 1.1-1.3mm long x 0.7mm wide
  • Habit : erect to scandent shrubs with spreading branches
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 1 – 3 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks : flowers are up to 3,5 cm long
  • Named : because of the large leaves
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1925
  • Botanist : Johnston Ivan M.
  • Authors : Johnston 1925
  • Original publication : Contr. Gray Herb. 75: 35 1925
  • Habitat : in moist thickets in low elevation cloud forest and subtropical wet forest
  • Elevation : 1200-2000
  • Native country : Peru
  • Synonyms :
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 11

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : opposite or less often ternate, firmly membranous, basal leaves generally considerably larger than the upper one, petioles subglabrous, 10 to 35 mm long, reddish, stipules dark, lanceolate to triangular, sometimes connate, 1 to 2 mm long, 0.5 to 0.8 mm wide, mostly deciduous
  • Foliage color upper side : light to dark green and subglabrous
  • Foliage color lower side : paler and subglabrous
  • Leaf dimensions : 16-27cm long x 5-9cm wide
  • Leaf shape : (narrowly) elliptic to lanceolate or (ob)ovate
  • Leaf margin : subentire
  • Leaf tip : acute to acuminate
  • Leaf base : acute to cuneate
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins 14 to 19 on either side of the midvein, reddish and prominent below, anastomosing into a distinct submarginal vein
  • Stems :
  • Branches : young growth minutely puberulent, branchlets 3-6 mm thick, usually red-purple tinged, older branches with light brown, finely fissured bark