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F. macrostigma

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : stout, 2-2.5mm thick, 8-20 (to 30)mm long, pubescent, spreading-ascending
  • Ovary : cylindrical, 8-12mm long x 3-5mm wide, green, verrucose, 4-8 sulcate
  • Tube color : pale to dark red
  • Tube shape : narrowly funnelform, subglabrous to villous outside, sparsely pilose inside in lower part, tube firm-spongy, 1 to1.5 mm thick when fresh, often curved downward in distal part
  • Tube dimensions : 50-60mm long x 2-5mm wide and bulbous at the base, gradually widened above until 4-10mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : red with dull green tips
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : lance-oblong, thick-spongy, 1 to 2 mm thick when fresh
  • Sepal tips : apiculate, divergent, tips free and spreading in bud
  • Sepal dimensions : 14-23mm long x 7-8mm wide
  • Corolla opening color : bright red
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : shorter than the sepals, orbicular to broadly obovate, undulate, rounded at the apex, strongly spreading
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 12-18mm long x 10-19mm wide
  • Nectary : green, unlobed, about 3mm high and about 1.5mm thick
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : red, 8-12mm x 5-8mm long
  • Anthers : oblong, 2.5-3.5mm long x about 1.5mm wide
  • Pistil :
  • Style : pink, sparsely pubescent-subglabrous
  • Stigma : massive, tetragonous, 3-5mm long x 4-6mm wide, with four mound-like, sticky lobes, cream-pink

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower : single
  • Flowers : few and axillary in upper nodes
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : ellipsoid, eight-sulcate until fully ripe, verrucose, 20-22mm long x 8-12mm wide
  • Seed : tan brown, 2-2.5mm long x 1.2-1.6mm wide
  • Habit : erect shrub
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 0.5-1.5 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks :
  • Named :
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1844
  • Botanist : Bentham
  • Authors : Bentham 1844
  • Original publication : Pl. Hartw. 129 1844
  • Habitat : infrequent in moist cloud forest thickets on Pacific slopes
  • Elevation : 1000-2500
  • Native country : Ecuador, Colombia
  • Synonyms : F. longiflora, Bentham 1845, F. spectabilis, Hooker 1848, F. spectabilis var. pubens, Johnston 1925, F. macrostigma var. longiflora, Bentham 1845 and Munz 1943, F. macrostigma var. typica, Munz 1943, F. macrostigma var. macrostigma 1974
  • Gametic chromosome number n =

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : leaves opposite or less often ternate, firmly membranous, petioles stout, 2 to 3 mm thick, 15 to 30 (to 35) mm long, strigose, green to purple, stipules dark, triangular, sometimes connate, 2 to 2.5 mm long, about 2 mm wide, deciduous
  • Foliage color upper side : velvety dark green and subglabrous to puberulent
  • Foliage color lower side : pale green to wine purple with strigose to villous pubescence mostly along the veins
  • Leaf dimensions : 6-27cm long x 3-12cm wide
  • Leaf shape : narrowly to broadly elliptic, (ob-)ovate
  • Leaf margin : remotely denticulate with small, glandular teeth
  • Leaf tip : acute to acuminate
  • Leaf base : acute
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins 9 to 15 (to 22) on either side of the midvein
  • Stems :
  • Branches : branchlets stout, sub succulent, 2 to 7 mm thick, terete or angled, green. to dull purple, older branches 8 to 15 mm thick, dull tan, with finely fissured bark