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F. membranacea

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : slender, usually green, 30-55 (to 75)mm long
  • Ovary : cylindrical, 6-7mm long x 2-4mm wide, lustrous green or rose-colored
  • Tube color : red-pink
  • Tube shape : funnelform, mostly glabrous outside, pilose inside in lower part
  • Tube dimensions : (30 to) 36-51mm long x 2.5-4mm wide at base, narrowed slightly in lower part, then widened until 7-12mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : pale green
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : ovate-lanceolate, connate for 58 mm at base, lobes often split open before anthesis with stigma exserted
  • Sepal tips : acute, spreading at anthesis
  • Sepal dimensions : 17-25mm long x 5-11mm wide
  • Corolla opening color :
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape :
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions :
  • Nectary : green, lustrous, 4-5mm high
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : usually green, antesepalous ones 9-15 (to 20)mm long, the antepetalous ones 7-11 (to 16)mm long,
  • Anthers : oblong, yellow, 3.5-4.5mm long x 2-3 wide,
  • Pistil :
  • Style : retrorse villous in lower 113, exserted 10-15 mm beyond the anthers,
  • Stigma : clavate, 2.5-3.5mm long x about 2mm wide, green

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower :
  • Flowers : two to twelve per shoot, axillary or grouped toward the branch tips
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : cylindrical, 16-18mm long x 11-12mm wide, shiny light red when ripe
  • Seed : 60-70 per berry, triangular-ovate in outline, 2mm long x 1.3-1.7 mm wide, light brown
  • Habit : terrestrial shrubs, sometimes climbing to six meters above ground, growing in rocks, or epiphytic in trees to ten meters above ground, thickened roots to 20 mm thick or small tubers to 2 cm in diameter sometimes present
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 1-2 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks : flowering is mostly in the dry season, from January to April
  • Named :
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1876
  • Botanist : Hemsley
  • Authors : Hemsley 1876
  • Original publication : J. Bot. 14: 70 1876
  • Habitat : in subpáramo and cloud forest in Mérida and Trujillo States
  • Elevation : 2600-3400
  • Native country : Venezuela
  • Synonyms :
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 11

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : opposite or temate, sometimes subopposite, membranous, petiole 10 to 35 mm long, stipules lance-triangular, 2 to 2.5 mm long, 1 to 2 mm wide
  • Foliage color upper side : subglossy green and mostly glabrous
  • Foliage color lower side : pale green and subglabrous
  • Leaf dimensions : 50-100mm long x 18-50mm wide
  • Leaf shape : ovate-elliptic
  • Leaf margin : subentire to denticulate
  • Leaf tip : (sub to) acuminate
  • Leaf base : rounded to acute
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins 6 to 8 on either side of the midvein
  • Stems :
  • Branches : branchlets red-pink to dark purple, 2 to 5 mm thick, older stems 5 to 25 mm thick, with freely peeling, flaky, pale tan bark.