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F. ovalis

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : pilose, more-or-less divergent, 10-20mm long
  • Ovary : cylindrical, 5-7mm long x about 2mm wide, loosely pilose
  • Tube color : red
  • Tube shape : narrowly funnelform, sparsely pilose outside, densely retrorse villous inside in lower part
  • Tube dimensions : 18-20mm long x about 2mm wide and slightly bulbous at the base, gradually widened above until 3-4.5mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : red
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : lanceolate, usually noticeably longer than the petals
  • Sepal tips : acuminate, forming a point about 2 mm long in bud
  • Sepal dimensions : 10-13mm long x 3-3.5mm wide
  • Corolla opening color : red
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : oblong, acute
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 5-9mm long x about 3mm wide
  • Nectary : shallowly 4-lobed, about 1.2mm high
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : light red, 5-6mm x 3-4mm long
  • Anthers : oblong, about 2mm long x about 1mm wide
  • Pistil :
  • Style : glabrous, reddish
  • Stigma : capitate, about 3mm long x about 2mm wide, slightly 4-cleft apically, exserted 2-3mm beyond the anthers

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower :
  • Flowers : several to numerous in lateral racemes or panicles, rachis 5 to 10 cm long, bracts narrowly lanceolate, long acuminate, pilose, 6 to 12 mm long
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : cylindrical or ellipsoid, 12-13mm long x 6mm wide, subtetragenous, red purple
  • Seed : 0.9-1.1mm long x 0.7mm wide
  • Habit : erect to scandent shrub young leaves and shoots mostly densely pilose, older branches pilose to glabrescent, 5 to 13 mm thick, with light tan, finely fissured bark
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 1 – 3 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks : found between 1778 and 1788 in central Peru, flowers are approximately 3,5 cm long
  • Named : because of the large ovate leaves
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1802
  • Botanist : Ruiz Hipolito & Pavon Jose
  • Authors : Ruiz & Pavon 1802
  • Original publication : Fl. Peruv. 3: 87 1802
  • Habitat : restricted to Huánuco, Pasco, and Junín Departments and rare in cloud forest thickets
  • Elevation : 2000-2800
  • Native country : Peru
  • Synonyms : F. polyanthella, Johnston 1925
  • Gametic chromosome number n =

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : opposite to quaternate, firmly membranous, petioles pilose, 2 to 7 cm long, reddish, stipules lanceolate on young nodes, often triangular, connate, and recurved on older stems, 2 to 4 mm long, 2 to 3.5 mm wide
  • Foliage color upper side : dark green and strigose
  • Foliage color lower side : paler green and strigose-pilose, especially along the veins
  • Leaf dimensions : 8-16cm long x 3-7.5cm wide
  • Leaf shape : broadly elliptic to ovate
  • Leaf margin : subentire to obscurely denticulate
  • Leaf tip : acute to short acuminate
  • Leaf base : rounded to acute
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins 14 to 17 on either side of the midvein, emerging from the midvein at more-or-less 90° and becoming gradually incurved towards the margin, anastomosing into a submarginal vein
  • Stems :
  • Branches : young leaves and shoots mostly densely pilose, older branches pilose to glabrescent, 5 to 13 mm thick, with light tan, finely fissured bark