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F. pachyrrhiza

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : 19-44mm long
  • Ovary : oblong, pilose, light red, 5-7mm long x 1.5-3mm wide
  • Tube color : red to orange-red
  • Tube shape : suburceolate, sparsely pilose outside, glabrous within
  • Tube dimensions : 6.5-7.5mm long from top of ovary-point of petal and stamen insertion, 4-5mm in diameter and quadrilobed at the base, narrowed-3.5mm in diameter in the middle, about 4.5mm in diameter at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : red to orange-red
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : triangular
  • Sepal tips : spreading at anthesis
  • Sepal dimensions : 9-11mm long x 3mm wide, connate at base for 2-3mm
  • Corolla opening color : maroon
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : suborbicular, erect, slightly convolute
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 5-6.5mm long x 4.5-5.5mm wide
  • Nectary : a ring about 1mm high, surrounding and tightly appressed-the base of the style, with four stout ridges extending up along the floral tube and tapering towards the rim
  • Stamens : stamens in two series, the antisepalous stamens erect and exserted above the floral tube, with filaments 1 to 1.5 mm long, the antipetalous stamens reflexed and included within the tube
  • Filaments :
  • Anthers : oblong, 2-3.5mm long x 1-2mm wide, with a small, mucronate tip, dorsifixed, the exserted slightly larger, pollen bi- (rarely tri-) aperturate, longest dimensions 84-96 µn (based on ten grains), the ektexine with elongate sculpture elements and smooth viscin threads attached near the proximal pole,
  • Pistil :
  • Style : glabrous, 12-14 mm long, pink,
  • Stigma : capitate, shortly quadri-lobed, 2mm long x 1.5-2mm in diameter, pink

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower :
  • Flowers : solitary in upper leafaxils, pendant and secund
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : oblong, deep maroon, 15-20mm long x 10-12mm wide
  • Seed : 120-150 per berry, materally compressed, 1.2-1.6mm long x 1mm wide
  • Habit : erect to scandent shrubs, roots tuberous with large clusters present at base of the stem, individual segments irregularly ovoid to clavate, to 16 cm long and 5.5 cm in diameter
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 1-2 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks :
  • Named : derived from a Greek term meaning “thick footed”. It refers to the characteristically thickened and tuberous roots of the species
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1988
  • Botanist : Berry P.E. & Stein B.A.
  • Authors : Berry & Stein 1988
  • Original publication : Syst. Bot. 13: 484 1988
  • Habitat : known from only two locations on the western slopes of the Peruvian Andes: Near Contumaza in Cajamarca Department and near Cochabamba in Ancash Department
  • Elevation : 2450-2900
  • Native country : Peru
  • Synonyms :
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 11

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : deciduous in the dry season, mostly alternate, occasionally opposite or ternate, membranaceous, petioles pilose, 5 to 21 mm long, often leaving a subspinose protrusion on the stem after leaf abscission, stipules dark, triangular with subulate tips, 0.8 to 1.1 mm long, persistent
  • Foliage color upper side : glabrous with impressed veins
  • Foliage color lower side : subglabrous to pilose
  • Leaf dimensions : 5-13cm long x 1.5-2.5cm wide
  • Leaf shape : narrowly elliptic
  • Leaf margin : serrulate
  • Leaf tip :
  • Leaf base :
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins 9 to 15 on either side of the midvein
  • Stems :
  • Branches : branches arching to divergent with reddish-brown, exfoliating bark, young stems pilose with hairs 0.3 to 0.5 mm long