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  • F.regia ssp.serrae
  • F. regia var.serrae
  • F. regia var.serrae
  • F. regia ssp. serrae

F. regia ssp. serrae

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : 20-45mm long, pendulous
  • Ovary : cylindrical, 6-12mm long x 2-4mm wide
  • Tube color : bright red
  • Tube shape : cylindrical-fusiform, glabrous to puberulent outside
  • Tube dimensions : (6 to) 7-15mm long x 3-7mm wide
  • Sepal color upper : bright red
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape :
  • Sepal tips : spreading to most often recurved or rarely reflexed at anthesis
  • Sepal dimensions : (15 to)19-34mm long x connate at the base for (5 to) 8-10 (to 14)mm and forming a long x usually four-ridged sepal tube, the free lobes (4 to) 5-7mm wide at base
  • Corolla opening color : violet
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : obovate to spathulate
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 11-20mm long x 8-15mm wide
  • Nectary : more-or-less smooth, 5-8mm high
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : red, 22-48 x 20-40mm long
  • Anthers : red-purple, 3-4mm long x 1.5–mm wide,
  • Pistil :
  • Style : red, glabrous-pilose near base
  • Stigma : red, clavate, 2-4mm long x 1-2mm wide, exserted 15-23mm beyond the anthers

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower : single
  • Flowers : solitary in the upper leafaxils
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : oblong, 16-26mm long x 9-13mm wide, purple when ripe
  • Seed : 2-2.5mm long x 11.5mm wide
  • Habit : scandent to climbing shrubs or lianas to fifteen meters high in trees
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 1-4 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks : flowering is mainly from November to March, occasionally in other months. Natural hybridization with F. brevilobis, F. regia subsp. regia and F. regia subsp. reitzii is known to occur
  • Named :
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1989
  • Botanist : Berry P.E.
  • Authors : Berry 1989
  • Original publication : Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76: 577 1989
  • Habitat : scandent to climbing in high trees typical of the dense cloud forests on the crest and wet, coastal escarpments of the Serra do Mar and Serra Geral, in Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo and southern Rio de Janeiro States at elevations from 500 to 1,450 meters. It is also found at lower elevations on the top of isolated morros in the Atlantic coastal forest of Santa Catarina, or rarely occurs near sea level in coastal resting as in northern Rio Grande do Sul and southern Santa Catarina
  • Elevation : 500-1450
  • Native country : Brazil
  • Synonyms : F. affinis, Cambessedes 1830, F. radicans, Miers 1841, F. regia var. affinis, (Cambessedes) Munz 1943, F. regia var. radicans, (Miers) Munz 1943
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 44

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : opposite or in whorls of three to four, coriaceous, petioles 1.5 to 3 mm thick, usually dull purple, canaliculate above, (7 to)10 to 24 (to 35) mm long, stipules prominent, crassate, 2 to 3 mm wide, 2 to 3 mm long, about 0.5 mm thick, recurved, persistent, adjacent ones sometimes fused, drying tan-colored and giving a nodose appearance to the stems
  • Foliage color upper side : smooth and lustrous dark green, glabrous to lightly pubescent
  • Foliage color lower side : pale green, glabrous to lightly pubescent
  • Leaf dimensions : (35-) 60-110mm long x (15-) 25-45mm wide
  • Leaf shape : (narrowly) ovate to elliptic
  • Leaf margin : subentire
  • Leaf tip : acute to acuminate
  • Leaf base : rounded to acute and sometimes ± uneven
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins 5 to 8 (to 10) per side
  • Stems :
  • Branches : branchlets generally finely puberulent, sometimes sub glabrous or densely shortpilose, the lateral ones often short and divaricate, older branches on large plants hanging to six meters long, with basal stems to 6 cm in diameter