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  • F. triphylla
  • F. triphylla
  • F.triphylla
  • F. triphylla
  • F. triphylla
  • F. triphylla PB7760 #6

F. triphylla

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : lightly pilose, 10-30mm long, divergent-nodding
  • Ovary : ellipsoid, 57mm long x 1.5-2.5mm wide
  • Tube color : orange to coral red
  • Tube shape : pubescent outside, glabrous inside
  • Tube dimensions : 25-40mm long x 2-3.5mm wide and bulbous at the base, sometimes with a ring-like inflation of the tube at the base surrounding the nectary, constricted rather strongly-1-2.5mm wide in the lower (6 to) 10-18mm of the tube, then abruptly dilated-8-11mm wide before narrowing slightly towards the rim
  • Sepal color upper : orange to coral red
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : lanceolate
  • Sepal tips : spreading at anthesis
  • Sepal dimensions : 10-13mm long x 3.5-4.5mm wide
  • Corolla opening color : orange to red
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : elliptic-ovate, rounded to broadly acute at the apex, suberect to spreading at anthesis
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 6-9mm long x 4-6mm wide
  • Nectary : shallowly 8-lobed, about 1mm high
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : orange red, 5-7mm x 3-4mm long
  • Anthers : oblong, about 2.5mm long x about 1.5mm wide, cream
  • Pistil :
  • Style : orange red, glabrous
  • Stigma : capitate, slightly 4-lobed at the apex, about 1.5mm long and wide, pale red

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower : single
  • Flowers : numerous in suberect to mostly nodding, terminal racemes, occasionally subracemose, rachis 4 to 12 (to 15) cm long, leaves subtending the flowers mostly reduced, narrowly lanceolate, and deciduous, but similar to normal leaves if flowers subracemose
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : subglobose to ellipsoid, strigose and more-or-less 4-angled before maturity, 15-18mm long x 11-13 mm thick, glossy red purple when ripe
  • Seed : tan, 1.8-2.1mm long x 1mm wide
  • Habit : subshrub to low shrub tall with erect to drooping branches
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 0.3-2 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks : natural hybridization with F. pringsheimii is known to occur. [According to Dr. Paul E. Berry, professor, director and curator at the University of Michigan’s Herbarium, and the world’s leading scientific authority currently working on the genus, he will likely describe a new subspecies from the southern Dominican Republic as F. triphylla subsp. angustifolia in a future publication]
  • Named :
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1753
  • Botanist : Linnaeus
  • Authors : Plumier 1703. Linnaeus 1753
  • Original publication : Sp. Pl. 1191 1753
  • Habitat : in Haiti, in the southern Massif de la Hotte and Massif de la Selle, in the central Chaîne des Matheux, and (rare) in the northern range in the Montagnes Noires and Chaîne de Plaisance and in the Dominican Republic, in the southern Sierra de Baoruco, in the central Sierra de Neiba, and in the northern Cordillera Central on exposed slopes, moist banks, and edges of pine and mixed pine-broadleaf forest
  • Elevation : 700-2000
  • Native country : Domenican Republic, Haiti, Hispaniola
  • Synonyms : F. racemosa, Lamarck 1788
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 22

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : opposite or ternate, rarely quaternate, firmly membranous, petioles pubescent, 4 to 15 (to 25) mm long, stipules lance-linear, 1.5 to 3 mm long, mostly deciduous
  • Foliage color upper side : dull medium to dark green and strigillose
  • Foliage color lower side : pale green to commonly flushed metallic purple and strigose
  • Leaf dimensions : 2.5-10(-13)cm long x 1-4(-5.5)cm wide
  • Leaf shape : narrowly lanceolate to elliptic or oblanceolate
  • Leaf margin : subentire to finely denticulate
  • Leaf tip : acute to acuminate
  • Leaf base : acute to narrowly cuneate
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins (6 to) 7 to 13 on either side of the midvein, mostly impressed above, elevated and often reddish below
  • Stems :
  • Branches : young growth canescent to short pilose, branchlets pubescent, reddish, older branches with tan, exfoliating bark