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  • F. venusta
  • F. venusta
  • F. venusta
  • F. venusta
  • ChuckChanFvenusta1
  • ChuckChanFvenusta
  • F. venusta
  • F. venusta
  • F. venusta

F. venusta

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : slender-filiform, ascending-divergent in bud, arching or drooping by anthesis, (10 to) 15-30 (to 60)mm long, glabrous-pubescent
  • Ovary : oblong-ellipsoid, 4-8mm long x 2-3mm wide
  • Tube color : lustrous orange red, at times greenish in bud
  • Tube shape : narrowly funnelform, subglabrous to puberulent outside, pilose inside for most of length
  • Tube dimensions : (30 to) 35-60mm long x 2.5-4.5mm wide and slightly bulbous at the base, narrowed-2-4mm wide above the nectary and gradually widened above until 5-10mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : orange red, often green-tipped in bud
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : lanceolate, sometimes pubescent within
  • Sepal tips : acute to acuminate at the apex, subulate in bud for 1-2 mm, spreading to divergent at anthesis
  • Sepal dimensions : 14-20mm long x 4-7mm wide
  • Corolla opening color : orange to orange red
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : oblanceolate, undulate to crispate-margined, abruptly acute at the apex, strongly spreading and recurved at anthesis, with dorsal hairs occasionally present along the midvein
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 15-22mm long x 3-6mm wide
  • Nectary : green, unlobed-shallowly 4-lobed, about 2mm high
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : light red, 10-15mm x 8-11mm long
  • Anthers : oblong, 2.5-3.5mm long x 1.5-2mm wide, cream-pale yellow
  • Pistil :
  • Style : densely villous from the base-the rim of the tube, light red
  • Stigma : subglobose, 4-cleft apically, 2-3mm long x 2-3mm wide, dull white-orange red, exserted 3-15mm beyond the anthers

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower : single
  • Flowers : axillary in uppermost leafaxils or subracemose at branch tips, when subracemose, rachis 2 to 4 cm long, subtending leaves usually deciduous
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : ellipsoid-oblong to subglobose, 8-20mm long x 6-10mm wide, lustrous dull green to dark purple
  • Seed : tan, 1.5-2mm long x 0.8-1.5mm wide
  • Habit : erect to scandent shrubs or lianas to 10 meters above ground, with suberect or long, flexuous-pendant branches to several meters long
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 1-3 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks : natural hybridization with F. hirtella, F. nigricans and F. gehrigeri is known to occur
  • Named :
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1823
  • Botanist : Humboldt, Bonpland & Kunth
  • Authors : Humboldt, Bonpland & Kunth 1823
  • Original publication : Nov. Gen. Sp. 6: 105 1823
  • Habitat : locally frequent to scattered along forest edges, stream sides, thickets or in trees of mid-elevation cloud forest, in Venezuela, from Mérida to Táchira, in Colombia in the Cordillera Oriental from Santander to Huila, and in the Cordillera Central in Tolima
  • Elevation : 1800-2700
  • Native country : Colombia, Venezuela
  • Synonyms : F. killipii, Johnston 1928, F. venusta var. huilensis, Munz 1943. F. venusta var. typica, Munz 1943, F. meridensis, Steyermark 1952
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 11

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : ternate, rarely opposite or quaternate, firmly membranous to subcoriaceous, petioles puberulent or strigillose, 4 to 10 (to 12) mm long, wine red, stipules lance-deltoid, 1 to 1.5 mm long, about 0.4 mm wide, subulate at the apex, deciduous
  • Foliage color upper side : glossy dark green and subglabrous
  • Foliage color lower side : glossy pale green and subglabrous to pubescent along the nerves
  • Leaf dimensions : 5-11.5cm long x 1.5-4.5cm wide
  • Leaf shape : elliptic
  • Leaf margin : subentire
  • Leaf tip : acute to subacuminate
  • Leaf base : rounded to acute
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : secondary veins 7 to 12 on either side of the midvein, impressed above, subelevated below
  • Stems :
  • Branches : branchlets terete to subtriangular, 2 to 6 mm thick, minutely puberulent to finely hirtellous, dull wine-red to bluish purple, older branches 10 to 40 mm thick, with tan, exfoliating bark