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F. verrucosa

FLOWER PARTS

  • Pedicel : firm, spreading-drooping, 10-40mm long
  • Ovary : oblong-cylindric, tetragonous, 10-12mm long x 2.5-3mm wide, lustrous light green,
  • Tube color : bright orange or scarlet
  • Tube shape : obconic, subglabrous inside and outside
  • Tube dimensions : 3-6mm long x 2.5-3mm wide at the base, 4-4.5mm wide at the rim
  • Sepal color upper : bright orange or scarlet
  • Sepal color lower :
  • Sepal shape : lance-oblong, acute at the apex, spreading to recurved at anthesis
  • Sepal tips :
  • Sepal dimensions : 7-11mm long x 2-4.5mm wide at the base
  • Corolla opening color : petals red orange
  • Corolla mature color :
  • Corolla shape : oblongobovate, obtuse to subacute at the apex, margin more-or-less undulate, central nerve more-or-less thickened, spreading and convolute at anthesis
  • Corolla silhouette :
  • Petal margins :
  • Corolla dimensions : 8-9mm long x 5-6mm wide
  • Nectary : green and composed of four distinct antesepalous, ridged lobes about 1.5mm high, about 0.5mm thick, adnate-the base of the floral tube
  • Stamens :
  • Filaments : light red, 2-3mm x 1-1.5mm long
  • Anthers : broadly reniform, 1.5-2.5mm long x 1.5-2mm wide, white,
  • Pistil :
  • Style : glabrous, stout, red, 6-8 mm long
  • Stigma : clavate, slightly four-cleft at the apex, 2.5-4mm long x about 2mm wide, light pink-cream, barely exserted beyond the anthers

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Flower :
  • Flowers : solitary in upper leafaxils,
  • Flower size :
  • Flower display :
  • Flower bud :
  • Fruit : tetragonous until maturity, ellipsoid or broadly cylindric when ripe, 20-25mm long x 10mm wide
  • Seed : 1.4-1.6mm long x 0.7mm wide
  • Habit : erect to scandent, mostly glabrous subshrubs
  • Hardiness:
  • Height : 0,5-2 m
  • Light/Climate :
  • Optimal light conditions :
  • Remarks : hermaphroditic
  • Named : verrucosa means “covered in warts” or “warty”
  • Lookalikes :
  • Year (of first description) : 1845
  • Botanist : Hartweg
  • Authors : Hartweg ex Benth 1845. Berry 1982
  • Original publication : Pl. Hartw. 178 1845
  • Habitat : infrequent occurrence in wet, shady banks and along streams in the Cordillera Oriental of the Northern Andes from southern Merida in Venezuela to Huila in Colombia, and then on the eastern edge of the Nudo de Pasto in Putumayo
  • Elevation : 1800-3050
  • Native country : Colombia, Venezuela
  • Synonyms : F. perbrevis J. M. Johnston 1925, F. verrucosa var. tamaensis Steyermark 1952
  • Gametic chromosome number n = 22

FOLIAGE

  • Leaves : opposite, firmly membranous, often with strigose hairs along the veins, petioles stout, 5 to 22 mm long, stipules firm to semisucculent, (narrowly) triangular, 2 to 4 mm long, 1 to 2 mm wide, separate or connate, subpersistent
  • Foliage color upper side : dark matte green
  • Foliage color lower side : pale or flushed purple
  • Leaf dimensions : 5-16cm long x 2-8cm wide
  • Leaf shape : broadly elliptic to obovate
  • Leaf margin : glandular-serrulate
  • Leaf tip : acute to acuminate
  • Leaf base : acute to attenuate
  • Pubescence :
  • Veins : midvein prominent below, secondary veins ten to twenty on either side of the midvein, subparallel and anastomosing 1 to 3 mm before the margin to form a distinct submarginal vein
  • Stems :
  • Branches : ranchlets subterete, 2 to 4 mm thick, verrucose, green to dull purple, older stems terete, with light gray tan, finely fissured bark