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    Allow some time to find the cultivars.

All nine species in this section are found in cool forest habitats with eight in southeastern Brazil, from Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul, and one, F. magellanica, occurring from the Andes and coastal slopes of southern Chile and Argentina between thirty-three and fifty-five degrees south latitude (Berry 1989). These shrubs or lianas have opposite or whorled leaves. The pendulous, or rarely divergent, flowers are axillary, solitary or rarely in pairs with a floral tube 3 to 15 mm long, and have smooth or weakly lobed, band-type nectaries. The sepals are longer than the floral tube, partly connate and colored red. The petals are convolute and blue-violet. The stamens occur in two unequal series and are strongly exserted. They have yellow pollen. The seed count is between 60 and 120.

This section is named after Queluz Palace, the summer residence of the former Kings of Portugal, located in Queluz near Lisbon. Domenico Vandelli, first applied Quelusia to a Brazilian fuchsia, listed without a specific epithet but probably Fuchsia coccinea, provided to him by Joaquim Veloso de Miranda. José Mariano de Conceição Veloso also used Quelusia regia in his Florae Fluminensis (1825–27). The name was synonymized with Fuchsia but later revived by the Swiss botanist Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778 -1841) for one of the two sections into which he divided the genus in 1828.

In an article in the Journal of Fuchsia Research (Januari 2002) Dr. Paul Berry, leading botanist working at that time on fuchsia, elaborates on F. magellanica . He writes :’Fuchsia magellanica is a so called ‘disjunct species’, because it is so far separated geographically fom its nearest relatives. It grows over a tremendously wide geographical range, covering over 20 degees of latitude from the north to the southern end of its range. It also covers a broad altitudinal range, from sea level up to 1750 meters elevation in the northern end of its range. This gives it the potential for a great deal of natural variability.’

Dr. Paul Berry treats F. magellanica and all its variants as a single species. Some of the variants may well describe a distinctive feature of some populations of F. magellanica, such as a particular flower size or shape. If these distinctive features can be linked to particular situations in nature where they are found and where they are somewhat distinct from more typical populations, Dr. Paul Berry sees no reason why they can’t or shouldn’t be recognized as botanical varieties. In general, however, for the more than 40 variations of F. magellanica currently in cultivation, he believes it is more appropriate to use cultivar names. That is unless their authenticity as botanical taxa can be established.

More first-hand field study combined with focused studies using molecular techniques (DNA analysis) might reveal some of the variants are indeed species, subspecies or varieties.

Dr. Paul E. Berry, also wrote he may recognize an additional subspecies or variety as F. regia subsp. radicans or F. regia var. radicans in a future publication. F. radicans was originally described by Miers in 1841 but rendered synonymous with F. regia var. radicans by Munz in 1943 and both with F. regia subsp. serrae by Berry himself in 1989. So far this has not been published.

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